Diabetes (in English only)

Diabetes is a form of insulin deficiency. Two major varieties of it, known as type-I and type-II, need to be separated. Type-I diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is a vital hormone needed in all cells in the human body. Type-II diabetes involves a combination of the pancreas not producing enough insulin and reduced sensitivity to insulin in the body’s cells (which means the cells have a higher insulin demand than normal). Heritability in type-II diabetes is significant, but obesity, unhealthy food and too little physical activity are decisive factors in its development.